18.02 Epoetin (Epogen)

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Generic Name

  • Epoetin

Trade/Brand Name

  • Epogen

Therapeutic Class

  • Antianemic

Pharmacologic Class

  • Hormones

Mechanism of Action

  • Stimulates erythropoiesis (production of RBCs)

Indication

  • Anemia

Side Effects

  • Headache

  • Joint/muscle pain

  • Diarrhea

  • Cold symptoms

Nursing Considerations

  • Assess dialysis shunts

  • Contraindicated in albumin hypersensitivity

  • May cause

    • Seizures

    • CHF

    • MI

    • CVA

    • Hypertension

  • Do not shake vial

  • Initiate seizure precautions

  • Monitor

    • Bleeding times

    • Signs of anemia

Patient Education

  • Monitor blood pressure during therapy

 

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