16.05 Mannitol (Osmitrol)

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Generic Name

mannitol

Trade Name

Osmitrol

Indication

increased ICP, oliguric renal failure, edema, intraocular pressure

Action

inhibits reabsorption of water and electrolytes by increasing osmotic pressure, excreted by kidneys

Therapeutic Class

diuretic

Pharmacologic Class

osmotic diuretic

Nursing Considerations

• may cause phlebitis at IV site
• may cause dehydration, fluid and electrolyte imbalances
• monitor neuro status
• administer via a filter

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