09.02 Metformin (Glucophage)

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Generic Name


Trade Name



management of Type II DM, PCOS


decreases glucose production in the liver, decreases absorption, increases cellular insulin sensitivity

Therapeutic Class


Pharmacologic Class


Nursing Considerations

• do not use with renal dysfunction, metabolic acidosis
• may cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, lactic acidosis
• monitor patient closely for ketoacidosis and lactic acidosis, discontinue medication immediately
if acidotic
• may cause metallic taste
• instruct patient that medication does not cure diabetes

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Module 0 – Pharmacology Course Introduction

Module 3 – Disease Specific Medications

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