11.14 Nifedipine (Procardia)

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Generic Name

nifedipine

Trade Name

Procardia

Indication

hypertension, angina, migraines, CHF

Action

blocks calcium transport resulting in inhibition of contraction causing systemic vasodilatation

Therapeutic Class

antianginals, antihypertensives

Pharmacologic Class

Ca Channel Blocker

Nursing Considerations

• use caution in heart block, decreased blood pressure
• don’t consume grapefruit juice while taking medication
• may cause arrhythmias
• may cause elevated liver function tests
• may cause gingival hyperplasia, Steven’s Johnson syndrome
• monitor blood pressure and pulse
• monitor calcium levels
• instruct patient on taking heart rate and blood pressure

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