Heart Failure-Left-Sided Nursing Mnemonic



  • C-Cough
  • H-Hemoptysis
  • O-Orthopnea
  • P-Pulmonary Congestion (crackles/rales)


Left sided heart failure will primarily manifest as pulmonary edema as the left side of the heart moves blood from the lungs throughout the body. If this portion of the pump is broken the blood will become “backed up” within the lungs. Left sided heart failure can often lead to right sided heart failure.

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