Hyperkalemia – Signs and Symptoms Nursing Mnemonic


  • M-Muscle weakness
  • U-Urine- oliguria, anuria
  • R-Respiratory distress
  • D-Decreased cardiac contractility
  • E-ECG changes
  • R-Reflexes- hyperreflexia, or areflexia (flaccid)


Excess potassium is deadly and can kill a patient – so remember the word “Murder”. This will help you remember the signs and symptoms of hyperkalemia.

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