Causes of Renal Calculi Nursing Mnemonic


Patients Complain of Pain and Difficulty Urinating

  • P-Protein intake
  • C-Calcium intake
  • P-Purine intake
  • D-Dehydration
  • U-Urinary stasis


Increased concentration of calcium, proteins, or uric acid crystals can cause renal calculi to form. These are some of the possible causes.

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