25.02 Phenobarbital (Luminal)

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Generic Name

Phenobarbital

Trade/Brand Name

Luminal

Indication

  • Seizures
  • Sedation

Action

  • Depresses sensory cortex
  • Decrease motor activity
  • Alters cerebellar function
  • Produces drowsiness, sedation, hypnosis

Therapeutic Class

  • Sedative
  • Hypnotic
  • Anticonvulsant

Pharmacologic Class

Long-acting barbiturate

Nursing Considerations

  • Contraindicated
    • Airway obstruction
    • Severe renal disorders
  • Monitor
    • Phenobarbital concentrations
    • CNS status
    • CBC with differential
  • Assess seizures
  • Use caution
    • Anemia
    • Depression
    • Cardiac disease
    • Diabetes
    • Hepatic impairment
    • Drug abuse

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