05.03 Procainamide (Pronestyl)

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Generic Name

procainamide

Indication

wide variety ventricular and atrial arrhythmias, PAC, PVC, VTach, post cardioversion

Action

decreases excitability and slows conduction velocity through the heart

Therapeutic Class

antiarrhythmic (Class IA Na Channel Blocker)

Nursing Considerations

• may cause ventricular arrhythmias, seizure, asystole, heart block
• monitor EKG continuously may cause widening of QRS complex
• may cause hypotension keep patient supine
• monitor for signs of agranulocytosis monitor CBC frequently
• can cause drug induced lupus syndrome

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